The Weimar Republic, the government of Germany after World War One, adopted its constitution on this day in 1919. Following the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was stripped of its overseas possessions, and had to make many concessions to the victorious Allied Powers. This included subsidies to the Allies, forcing Germany into a deep economical recession. To buy their groceries, the German citizens had to carry around wheelbarrows of money, as by 1921, one Mark, the German currency, was equal to one third of an American cent. Although Germany’s economy was actually still quite healthy and capable by the end of the war, the London Ultimatum of 1921 forced them to pay reparations that they could not afford. This was paired with the Weimar Government, named after the city in Thuringia, Germany, in which the constitution was drafted in. The government could not handle the demands pushed forwards by the rest of the world, and along with the Great Depression, saw Germany slide into its worst economic position in many years. This caused widespread resentment in the German populace towards the Allies, and it set up Adolf Hitler’s rise to power, as his campaign was built on getting Germany out of poverty and restoring its glory. The Republic was effectively ended upon Hitler’s seizing of the government in 1933, and the rise of Nazi Germany.