Queen Victoria of England, leader of the British Empire, passed the North American Act on this day in 1867. Unlike its American colonies, the British Empire had no money left over to sustain its Canadian colonies. Independent movements had already been formed throughout the colonies, with the settlers expressing their desires in increasingly violent ways. By the time the bill was passed, Canada East and West and New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador were becoming increasingly impatient. The British Empire had been involved in many wars by that time, and their treasury was becoming increasingly empty. Along with Irish revolts in Eastern Canada, and a populace scared of an American invasion, the call for Canadian independence was too loud for the British Empire to ignore. Queen Victoria met with representatives with the four provinces, and agreed to grant their independence on July 1, 1867. The rest of Canada followed quickly, with Nova Scotia being the last to join the confederation.