On this day in 1827, German composer Ludwig van Beethoven died. Born on the 17 December 1770 in Bonn, in the then Holy Roman Empire, he moved to the European capital of music, Vienna, in 1792. He composed orchestral pieces, and their large volume affected their hearing. By 1800, his hearing had begun to deteriorate, and continued to do so until he was completely deaf. He continued to compose, however, hearing the music in his head. His works include his Fifth and Ninth Symphony, along with Für Elise. By the time he died in 1827 at the age of fifty seven, Beethoven had significant liver damage and major nerve decay.
“What you are, you are by accident of birth; what I am, I am by myself. There are and will be a thousand princes; there is only one Beethoven.”
-Ludwig van Beethoven