On this day in 1940, German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and the Italian Prime Minister, Benito Mussolini, signed their alliance against the U.K. and France. As World War Two had already begun, a clash of ideologies, the like-minded politicians sought help, and their alliance eventually turned into the Axis powers, with power between Berlin, Rome, and Tokyo. Their alliance would wield destruction to the Allies, storming through France, Norway, Denmark, Ethiopia, and much of the western Pacific before the tides turned. The Allies eventually deposed Mussolini, executing him, and surrounded Hitler in his capital, where he committed suicide to avoid capture. The Japanese forces conceded their surrender after the dropping of the atomic bombs.