Elizabeth I, the Virgin Queen of England, was coronated as the Queen of England in 1558 on this day in world history. Also called Elizabeth Gloriana, she is hailed as one of England’s greatest rulers, along with Queen Victoria. The second child of the English king Henry VIII, she succeeded her older sister Mary I, who ruled after their only brother, Edward VI. She ruled for more than 40 years, in which she stopped the Spanish Armada, fostered literary geniuses such as Shakespeare, supervised the great spy John Dee, and led colonial efforts in the New World. She imprisoned and later killed her relative, Mary, Queen of Scots. She stayed unmarried throughout her life, leading to her nickname, the Virgin Queen. She died in 1603 at the age of 69 after a long battle with depression and the common cold. She was succeeded by James I, son of the late Mary, Queen of Scots. His rise to the English throne meant the creation of Great Britain under a personal union between England, Scotland, and Ireland.
“I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too.”