Brazil was most probably Portugal’s most important overseas possession, and on this day in 1822, the process of its independence began. Prince Pedro I, the first emperor of Brazil, refused his father’s request to join him again in the court at Portugal. This began a long dispute which eventually culminated in Brazilian independence on the 7th of September that same year. Briefly King of Portugal after a war that led to several others in the Iberian Peninsula, he also crushed a secession attempt by the Confederation of Equator. He died in 1832 of Tuberculosis, about a year after abdicating Portugal to his son, Pedro II.