Joan of Arc, or the Maid of Orleans, was a French soldier in the 100 Years’ War between England and France. After claiming to have seen visions of saints encouraging her to take up the flag of France and help in the war, Joan joined the military and led the army to several victories. However, she was defeated by the English on this day, and later again in 1431, when she was put on trial and burned at the stake under claims of sorcery. She was later canonized by the Catholic Church and was made a secondary patron saint of France.
“One life is all we have and we live it as we believe in living it. But to sacrifice what you are and to live without belief, that is a fate more terrible than dying.”-Joan of Arc