Cyrus the Great, first emperor of Persia, king of Anshan, Media, Babylon, Akkad and Sumer, died in 530 B.C.E, on this day. “King of the Four Corners of the World”, he established a tolerant empire, and respected the beliefs and customs of his subjects. He aslo established an effective administration, setting the ground work for an empire that would stretch from modern-day Iran to the Balkans. The Persian Empire would also eventually go to war with coalitions of Greek City-States. After they lost, the Persian Empire began to crumble and was eventually fell to the Macedonian Alexander the Great.
“What has history said of eminence without honor, wealth without wisdom, power and possessions without principle? The answer is reiterated in the overthrow of the mightiest empires of ancient times. Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome! The four successive, universal powers of the past. What and where are they?”
-Orson F. Whitney